Germany, 2001. Rated R. 113 minutes.
Moritz Bleibtreu, Christian Berkel, Justus Von Dohnànyi, Maren Eggert,
Oliver Stokowski, Wotan Wilke Möring, Edgar Selge, Andrea Sawatzki, Timo
Dierkes, Nicki Von Tempelhoff, Antoine Monot Jr, Jacek Klimontko
|Review by Carlo Cavagna
Read the AboutFilm interviews with Moritz Bleibtreu and Oliver Hirschbiegel.
n five millennia of recorded history, the human race has come a long way, from primitive hunter/gatherers to space explorers. But has humanity itself changed? Empirical research--the kind that periodically appears in newspapers and regularly on the Discovery Channel--suggests not. It suggests that men are and have always been more likely than women to join groups, to follow rules and orders unquestioningly, and, of course, to exhibit aggressive behavior. This is all supposedly encoded in our DNA as a consequence of our prehistoric male/female, hunter/gatherer division of labor. Because men are rule abiders, the structure of society effectively constrains their more destructive impulses. Mother nature's system of checks and balances works quite tidily.
Or does it? What about situations where the rules permit and even encourage violence? Maximum security prisons, for example. Most are violent institutions, where weak prisoners are abused by the strong, and guards victimize both. Of course, these are places full of hardened criminals and authority-hungry disciplinarians. Surely they cannot be representative of the basic nature of average guys. Can they?
That is the fascinating question posed by Dr. Klaus Thon (Edgar Selge) and Dr. Jutta Grimm (Andrea Sawatzki) in the impressive new German film, Das Experiment. They have conceived an experiment in which they will recruit a couple dozen ordinary men and cast them as inmates and guards in a make-believe prison for two weeks. Ominously, the "inmates" are asked to waive their civil rights in order to participate in the experiment, but the promise of a few thousand German marks is too alluring. They are required to follow the rules of the "prison," while the task of the "guards" is to enforce the rules--without resorting to physical violence.
Tarek Fahd (Moritz Bleibtreu of Run Lola Run), a sometime journalist slumming as a cab driver, becomes convinced that the experiment will make a riveting story. He sells his editor on the idea, and armed with a video camera disguised as a pair of eyeglasses, successfully passes the scientists' screening process. They cast him as a prisoner.
For a time, all the participants view the experiment as a big joke, but Tarek, in pursuit of his story, provokes the guards to see how far the experiment will go. As he is warned by his inscrutable cellmate Steinhoff (Christian Berkel), this is a mistake. The guards, led by airline ground crewman Berus (Justus Von Dohnànyi), enforce the rules in ways that severely stretch the definition of non-violent. The wall between play-acting and reality crumbles, and the situation escalates beyond the control of the scientists. Violence is, of course, inevitable, as is a little hubris for the reckless experimenters.
Das Experiment posits a thin line between civilization and savagery, arguing that men have not evolved beyond their aggressive, destructive impulses, and have an innate need to dominate those around them. Placed in a volatile situation and with their darker natures freed from societal strictures, the men in Das Experiment become ferocious, vindictive animals.
Sociopath Tyler Durden, in the similarly male-centered Fight Club, posits that women are emasculating manipulators, causing men to submit to artificial regimes that alienate them from their true selves. Das Experiment addresses women differently, as a positive influence in men's lives, perhaps even as the missing half of a perfect whole. The character of Dora (Maren Eggert, in a flat performance), who initiates a romantic liaison with Tarek just before he enters the experiment, is not a person; she is an idea. The film divulges little about her, only that she has recently lost her father and is still in shock (a hint, perhaps, that women need men as much as men need women). The memory of his evening with Dora is Tarek's only solace, a haven for his psyche when the outside situation becomes unbearable.
Das Experiment being a German film, most foreign audiences will inevitably read a fascist subtext into the movie. Indeed, one of the prisoners finally accuses of Berus of being a Nazi (a common epithet in Germany, admittedly). Berus has by that time become the Nazi caricature that one often sees in American films, the well-groomed, sadistic stickler for the rules. Fortunately, the movie brings Berus to that point incrementally, never ignoring his basic humanity, and newcomer Von Dohnànyi refuses to resort to broad characterizations. Watching the terrifying transformation of Berus and the other guards, you can almost understand how the horror of Nazism could happen, not just in Germany, but anywhere.
Focusing overly on a Nazi subtext, however, unfairly confines the scope of what Das Experiment has to say. Inspired by the real life Stanford Prison Experiments of the 1970s and based on the novel Black Box by Mario Giordano, Das Experiment is uncommonly thrilling and thought-provoking. Though the situation is obviously contrived, the emotional journey of the characters is truthful. A weakness of the film might be that it imparts only the most rudimentary exposition, and fails to shape Dora into a complete individual. The decision to excise most background material, however, pulls the story's universal dimensions into relief. Its comments on the brutal nature of men are supported by evidence: though the Stanford Prison Experiments did not escalate to same point, many events depicted in the film closely parallel what happened at Stanford. The most legitimate complaint about Das Experiment is the improbably fortuitous appearance of a screwdriver.
Fight Club is another obvious inspiration for Das Experiment, one that director Oliver Hirschbiegel readily acknowledges, praising David Fincher's movie "because it takes men seriously as men and never ridicules them for their sheer ridiculousness." Though the stories differ, similarities in themes, stark visual styles, and even soundtrack selections are unmistakable. Does Hirschbiegel fear that Das Experiment will be similarly misunderstood, too? "I must say, I feared that when we had the first screenings in the States, but to my amazement it didn't happen. The people responded to this film the same way they responded in Germany. And Fight Club did very well in Germany, you know," comments Hirschbiegel. Indeed, Das Experiment won the best director prize at the 2001 Bavarian Film Awards and a number of Golden Lolas at German Film Awards (for Bleibtreu as Best Actor, von Dohnànyi as Best Supporting Actor, and Best Art Direction), and later became Germany's official foreign-language Oscar™ entry.
It should be made clear, however, that Das Experiment never sermonizes about good and evil. The film is fully focused on characters and narrative, allowing you to extrapolate the implications of what you see for yourself. The result? Das Experiment is a psychic explosion of a movie--a film as difficult to watch as it is to stop watching, pulling you to the edge of your seat in order to insinuate itself into your brain. There are those who refuse to believe that the potential for what they see on the screen lurks inside us all. Yet in an extreme situation, those who lack the self-knowledge to recognize and comprehend their darker impulses are the ones about whom we should worry the most.
Read the AboutFilm interviews with Moritz Bleibtreu and Oliver Hirschbiegel.
© September 2002 by AboutFilm.Com and the author.
Images © 2002 Samuel Goldwyn Films. All Rights Reserved.
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